VIETNAM – CAMBODIA RELATIONS
1. Political Relations:
Vietnam and Cambodia established diplomatic relations on 24 June 1967.
The relationship between the two countries is unceasingly consolidated and developed in all fields. The two countries have exchanged many high level delegations.
a. Vietnamese leaders’ visits to Cambodia:
Top leaders of Vietnam such as General Secretary Le Kha Phieu, President Le Duc Anh and President Tran Duc Luong have visited Cambodia; Cambodian King Norodom Sihanouk (now former King) have also visited Vietnam. Notably, during General Secretary Nong Duc Manh’s visit to Cambodia in March 2005, the two countries agreed to the guidelines of developing the relations between the two countries in the new stage as follows: “long-lasting and stable bonds of good neighbourliness, traditional friendship and comprehensive cooperation”. Prime Minister Phan Van Khai paid an official visit to Cambodia from 6-7 July 2006 and signed some more cooperation agreements, thus contributing to bringing the relations between the two countries to a new height.
Other important visits paid by Vietnamese leaders to Cambodia include Standing Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Sinh Hung’s visit to Cambodia (21-23 September 2006); Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung’s visit to Cambodia (December 2006); President Nguyen Minh Triet’s visit to Cambodia (27 February- 1 March 2007); National Assembly President Nguyen Phu Trong’s visit to Cambodia (25-28 April 2007); and Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs Pham Gia Khiem’s visit to Cambodia (20 – 22 August 2007).
b. Cambodian leaders’ visits to Vietnam:
Prime Minister Samdech Hunsen’s visit to Vietnam in October 2005 during which the Complementary Treaty to the Treaty on the Delimitation of State Border of 1985 was concluded; National Assembly President Heng Samrin’s visit to Vietnam (6 – 11 June 2006); Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Hor Namhong’s visit to Vietnam (23 – 24 October 2006).
2. In the fields of Economics, Science, Technology and Culture:
Cooperation in the fields of security and national defence has been increasingly consolidated and developed. The Governments of the two countries have made a sound decision to sign the complementary agreement on the 1985 Treaty to settle the long-standing border issues in order to build a peaceful borderline, forming a significant foundation for the future of the two countries. In this spirit, the inauguration of the border marker at the Ba Vat-Moc Bai international border gate was held on 27 September, 2006 and witnessed by the two Prime Ministers. The border marker planting is scheduled to finish in 2008.
The trade and economic ties between Vietnam and Cambodia are continuing to flourish, matching the two countries’ political relations and potentials. The two-way trade turnover grows by about 40% annually, reaching US $950 million in 2006, and is expected to increase to US $2 billion by 2010. Vietnam currently ranks third among Cambodia’s trading partners from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and sixth among countries establishing economic ties with Cambodia.
In addition to the bilateral relationship, as members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the two countries have enhanced cooperation and mutual assistance within the framework of international and regional cooperation mechanisms such as the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS), the Non-Aligned Movement, the United Nations, the Francophone, the Cambodia-Viet Nam-Laos Development Triangle, the East West Economic Corridor (EWEC), the Ayeyawady-Chao Phraya-Mekong Economic Cooperation Strategy (ACMECS), and the Cambodia-Laos-Myanmar-Viet Nam cooperation (CLMV) frameworks. The two nations have regularly exchanged views and coordinated their activities at international and regional fora. Furthermore, the two countries have fulfilled their international tasks in protecting environment and combating terrorism as well as seeking peaceful solutions to all issues and realizing the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).